Uric acid level: what is the danger and how to lower
Uric acid is formed in the body by the breakdown of purines. Which is found in many foods? It is neutralized and excreted by the kidneys of a person, without causing harm to health. With an excess, the compound begins to accumulate, is deposited in the form of salts on the bone tissue. The result is gout, osteochondrosis, coronary heart disease.
The level of uric acid in the range 140–340 mmol / l, 420 mmol / l in middle-aged men considered normal. In a minimal amount, the compound is involved in metabolism. It is a natural antioxidant, improves the functioning of the nervous system and the brain. It carries nitrogen and sodium ions, found in the blood, urine, and liver tissues.
Causes of increased uric acid salts
Uric acid intensely formed in the body with the following diseases and pathologies:
- Renal dysfunction, inflammation of the pelvis, in which the decay products cease to be excreted in the urine.
- Endocrine disorders and hormonal failure in diabetes, hypothyroidism, acidosis, menopause in women.
- Obesity 2–3 degrees.
- Preeclampsia in pregnant women.
- Genetic metabolic disorder.
- An advanced form of psoriasis.
- Hodgkin’s lymphoma.
The most common cause of increased uric acid is poor nutrition. The problem arises with excessive consumption of meat, protein products, sitting on mono-diets.
How to lower uric acid level
If you find an increased content of uric acid in the blood, consult a doctor: salt deposits cause atherosclerosis, blockage of blood vessels, provoke early heart attacks and strokes. Common recommendations of specialists to help reduce the level of dangerous compounds:
- Eat right, forget about the “fashionable” protein diets. Eat more vegetables, fruits, plant foods, and fresh herbs.
- Start fighting obesity. The excess weight gives an additional load on the joints, increases the risk of salt deposition.
- Observe the drinking regimen. Drink less coffee and strong tea, drink more pure water without gas and sweeteners.
- Take copper and molybdenum-based medications that improve blood composition.
- Be sure to treat inflammatory processes and infections of the genitourinary system, check the level of hormones for the dysfunction of the thyroid gland, adrenal glands.
Read Also: 50 Foods That Are Super Healthy
Doctors select drugs individually, based on the reason for the increase in uric acid. Sometimes a person recommended diuretic drugs or blockers that activate the excretion of salts.
Dietary nutrition with an increase in uric acid
If a blood test showed a high level of salts, doctors offer the patient a special diet. It is based on a balanced diet and strict control of protein products. At the same time, the menu includes dishes and drinks that change the alkaline composition of urine, improve its outflow.
With an increase in uric acid from the diet, recommended to remove:
- fatty fish;
- mushrooms in any form;
- meat and offal;
- sausages and smoked meats;
- yeast and pastries;
- White rice.
In the first weeks, exclude meat broth soups that contain a large number of purine compounds. Drink coffee, black tea, and alcohol, which retains fluid in the body, in small amounts. Reduce salt: remember that it is present in ready-made snacks, fast food, spice mixtures.
With a high level of uric acid, doctors recommend leaning on useful products that stimulate the elimination of salt compounds:
Berries, cherries, and strawberries
The berries contain anti-inflammatory anthocyanins and bioflavonoids, which protect the joints from the accumulation of deposits. Drink fresh juices, make healthy berries smoothies for breakfast.
Natural apple cider vinegar
A valuable product saturates tissues with vitamins, microelements, improves metabolism. Malic acid neutralizes uric acid, breaks down its molecules into safe compounds. If you have no problems with the gastrointestinal tract and high acidity, drink a cocktail based on apple cider vinegar, water without gas and honey before breakfast. To preserve tooth enamel, drink such a cocktail through a tube.
Ascorbic acid alkalizes the blood, lowers the level of uric acid. A drink with sour fruit juice has a diuretic effect, relieves joint pain.
Tea from celery seeds
The infusion cleanses the blood, normalizes the alkaline level, stimulates the natural excretion of urine. You can add root crop to the salad, vegetarian soup.
Without restrictions, use fermented milk products, kefir, cottage cheese, make light sauces based on sour cream and yogurt. Eat fresh and processed vegetables and fruits, prepare salads and stews. Instead of salt, use mustard, lemon juice, and black pepper to improve the taste.
Elevated uric acid level causes serious illness. A special diet lowers blood salt levels and improves kidney function. The elimination of purine-rich foods helps to avoid health problems without the use of potent drugs.